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There are several symbols on the State Seal that were updated for accuracy in including a Seminole Indian female, an enhanced steamboat, as well as a sabal palm tree.

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The red cross in the center of the flag, added in , was suggested by the Governor at that time, Francis Fleming, to make sure that the flag did not appear to be one of surrender or truce while it is being hung on a flagpole. The flag of Georgia has had many different variations throughout the years and in the most recent version was settled upon. Although the Seal of Georgia has also been redesigned many times, several aspects have remained constant: the arch that is held up by the three columns, the words Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation which have always appeared on banners, and finally the soldier representing defense of the constitution have been present since the Seals inception in The Hawaiian flag was adopted in and combines elements of two of the most influential countries of the time: the United States of America and the United Kingdom.

The state flag of Idaho contains the only state seal in the country that was designed by a woman, Emma Edwards.

North Carolina: A Tour of the 50 States [12]

The right of women to vote was being debated at the time that she created the seal and she placed the man and woman in the seal next to one another and at equal heights. While designing the seal she spoke with many prominent citizens within the state to determine the most important symbols of Idaho. The Illinoisan flag was originally designed by the Rockford Chapter of Daughters of the American Revolution and officially adopted in Their chapter won a contest sponsored by the D.

The bald eagle pictured on the flag is representative of the United States of America and in its beak is the state motto. The word Illinois was added to the flag during the Vietnam War because it was difficult to discern its identity. The dark blue flag of Indiana incorporates symbolism to portray the history of the USA as well as two values that Americans hold in high regard, liberty and enlightenment. The torch in the center of the flag is representative of those values, while the rays emanating from it show how their influence has spread. The thirteen outer stars stand for the original thirteen colonies and the five inner stars are a reference to the next fives states that will be brought into the Union.

The largest star at the top of the flag, right below the name of the state, represents the state itself. The tri-color Iowa state flag is another flag that while appearing simple in design, actually has many symbols within the flag. The creator of the flag, Dixie Cornell Gebhardt, designed it with the history of Iowa in mind. The white stripe in the center is indicative of the Native Americans that had roamed the land prior to it being settled by Europeans. Adopted in , the Kansas state flag is a dark-blue rectangle including the state seal and a sunflower.

At the center of the flag, the Kentucky state seal depicts two men shaking hands, a pioneer and a statesman. Remarkably, ten very different flags flew over Louisiana before the legislature officially adopted a state flag in Prior to the territory being purchased in by the United States from France, Louisiana proudly flew the banner of Spain, France, and Great Britain among others. Louisiana even flew a flag as an independent nation for two months after seceding from the Union in The first official flag for the state of Maine, adopted in , consisted of a blue North Star shining down on a pine tree on a buff-colored background.

Eight years later, the Maine legislature approved a new design, one featuring the Maine Coat of Arms on a blue field. The shade of blue is identified as the blue used in the United States flag. Taken from the shield in the coat of arms of the family of George Calvert, first Lord Baltimore, the Maryland state flag embodies the yellow-and-black arms of his paternal family with the red-and-white colors and cross-bottony design of his maternal family, the Crosslands. It has been disputed that the red-and-white colors are instead from the Mynne family, the family name of the wife of George Calvert.

Although a pre Civil War version consisted of the Maryland state seal on a blue background, by the end of the war, both the yellow-and-black Calvert arms and the red-and-white cross-bottony design epitomized Maryland, and this version was adopted as the state flag in Massachusetts, one of the original 13 colonies of the United States, is one of only two states to have a state flag and a naval and maritime ensign.

The original design of the Massachusetts state flag had a design on one side and a green pine tree on a field of white on the back. The pine tree design serves now as the naval ensign. The state flag, approved in its final form, consists of the Massachusetts coat of arms on both sides. On the coat of arms is an Algonquin Native American from the Massachuset tribe, who is carrying a bow and arrow pointing downward in peace. This motto is also reflected by the bent arm at the top of the shield holding a broadsword blade up.

The present flag, adopted in , is the third official flag of the state of Michigan.

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Mason was replaced by the United States coat of arms in the second version in The present flag consists of the coat of arms on a field of blue as required by Michigan law. The coat of arms features a bald eagle holding an olive branch and arrows on top of a shield, along with a man standing on a grassy peninsula waving with one hand while holding a rifle in the other. The shield is supported by an elk and a moose. The official flag for the state of Minnesota is made up of the state seal surrounded by a wreath of flowers on a medium blue background.

Three dates appear on the wreath: , the year Minnesota became a state; , the year the first settlement at Fort Snelling was established; and , the year the first official flag was adopted. Surrounding the seal is a circular banner containing 19 stars denoting Minnesota as the 19th state to join the union after the original 13 colonies. As was the case in neighboring Louisiana, as many as seven different flags of sovereign nations have flown over the territory known now as Mississippi.

When Mississippi seceded from the Union, the leaders adopted the Magnolia flag in January of This design incorporated a magnolia tree on a white field with its canton corner made up of a white star on a blue field the Bonnie Blue flag. Mississippi became part of the Confederacy in March of that year and flew its flag until the State Legislature adopted its present-day flag in This flag has the Confederate battle flag in its canton corner instead of the Bonnie Blue design with a field made up of equal bars of blue, white, and red at the bottom.

In , a proposal to remove the Confederate battle flag was soundly defeated by Mississippi voters, keeping the original design. As the second state to be carved from the territory acquired from France in the Louisiana Purchase, Missouri joined the Union as the 24th state in Like many of its neighboring states, the state of Missouri was deeply divided on the issue of secession. During this troubled time, the state militia carried a flag bearing the Missouri coat of arms showing a Bald Eagle with olive branches peace and arrows war , a grizzly bear, and a crescent moon.

The Montana state flag, officially adopted in , was born of the initiative of Colonel Harry C. Kessler in Colonel Kessler, head of the 1st Montana Infantry a group of volunteers recruited to fight in the Spanish-American War , created a flag to distinguish his men from other forces. Upon their return, the flag grew in popularity and was officially honored in minus the Infantry headline.

The state of Nebraska is typically known as being one of the last states to officially adopt a State Flag, which it finally did in As was popular in the 19th century, many regimental flags, which were made up of the state seal on a blue background, became unofficially recognized as the state flag. Such was the case in Nebraska until Representative J. The admission of Kentucky and Missouri in September and December brought the circle of stars to thirteen.

During battle this flag was sometimes confused with the Union Stars and Stripes, therefore it was replaced by the 2nd National flag in Although there were only 11 states in the Confederacy, there were stars added for Missouri and Kentucky because both sides claimed these states. Missouri and Kentucky actually had two state governments: the elected governments which seceded and joined the Confederate States, and provisional governments created by the Union who actually held them.

In actuality, there were multiple versions of this flag. Examples on file include those with a single star as well as these star counts - 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 , 15 and Although popular legend states that because the pattern and colors of the Stars and Bars flag did not distinguish it sharply from the Stars and Stripes of the Union, it sometimes led to confusion on the battlefield. So the legend states it was decided to design a new flag for the Confederate States that was in no way similar to the Union's Stars and Stripes. However, the real reason this flag was designed had nothing to do with the U.

These 5 states still use Confederate symbols in their flags | MSNBC

It had more to do with the Confederate Congress seeking a more "Confederate" flag, to honor the battle flag of the Army of Northern Virginia, and to replace the First National Flag which had split feelings in the South. Therefore, on May 1, , a second design was adopted, using the "Southern Cross" Battle Flag as the canton on a simple white field.

This second design was sometimes called "the Stainless Banner" and is sometimes referred to as the "Stonewall Jackson Flag" because its first use was to cover Stonewall Jackson's coffin at his funeral. The nickname "stainless" referred to the pure white field. John A. Davidsizer of the 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry. This action involved the burning of Confederate supply wagons at Painesville, Virginia, and seven Medals of Honor were awarded to Union soldiers as a result of this one action.

It should noted here that the Medal of Honor was routinely awarded for capturing the rebel flag during a Civil War battle, and the possibly exists that these units simply overtook the wagons and just plundered them for the flags before burning them, as this was not a pitched battle. It is even unclear if this flag is a variant Confederate national flag; or an unidentified regimental color.

It is currently housed in the collection of the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond, Virginia. It was soon discovered that the Second Confederate National Flag see above was easily mistaken for either a white flag of surrender or parlay flag, especially when the air was calm and the flag hung limply, and it was decided that this flag also had to be modified. In it was officially replaced by this Third and last Confederate National flag which had a large vertical red stripe placed along its right edge. Although not widely used because of the rapidly approaching end of the war, the flag was reported in Richmond newspapers in December of and by January of , examples of this pattern were flying over Richmond hospitals and units of the James River Squadron.

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Some examples were also used as unit battle flags until the South surrendered on April 9th. Because the colors that different commands and regiments carried on the field were a major means of identification, local commanders designed special battle flags to distinguish units during battles. The First Confederate Navy Jack consisted of a circle of seven 5-pointed white stars on a field of light blue. Since a jack is a flag that looks like the union or canton of a national flag, the first Confederate Naval Jack was a blue flag containing seven stars just like the canton on the Stars and Bars.

The blue color in the saltire the diagonal cross , however, is much lighter than on the national flag or the battle flag. It was flown by Confederate warships from to After taking command of Confederate forces of the west in , General Joseph Johnston modified the square Army of Virginia Battle flag for his Army of Tennessee, changing it to a rectangular shape similar to the Confederate Navy Jack. The attempt was met with disfavor by western commands who had fought under different flags earlier in the war.

However, this rectangular flag later became the official flag of the United Confederate Veterans after the war, and today is mistakenly accepted as the "Confederate Flag.


The unit fought long and hard throughout the war and was at nearly every major battle in which the Confederate Army of Tennessee was engaged. It was a part of Kentucky's "Orphan Brigade," until late when it was reassigned to the Army of Tennessee. Further research now shows that these flags were not just for the Orphan Brigade but, rather, were the battle flags of General John Breckinridge's whole division. Formerly, the Reserve Corps at Shiloh, it was the only command at the Battle of Shiloh without standardized battle flags and in May of , the division adopted these flags and continued to use them into The 3rd Regiment became mounted in and would serve in Mississippi, Georgia and Alabama.

As a mounted regiment it was removed from the Army of Tennessee and remained to fight in Mississippi under Nathan Bedford Forrest. On May 4, , what was left of the regiment surrendered at Meridian, Mississippi. During the siege of Vicksburg, the Confederate volunteers from Georgia under the command of Brigadier General Alfred Cumming used this battle flag. This brigade was part of Carter Stevenson's Division, which probably all used similar flags, but only the flag of the 39th Georgia survives of this pattern. The Confederate "Army of Tennessee" was named after the state, the Union "Army of the Tennessee" was named after the river, much to the confusion of history students ever since.

General John Bowen's command established a distinguished combat record as a fighting division of the Army of the West at such places as Carthage, Wilson's Creek, Vicksburg, and Atlanta. According to legend General Bowen's wife smuggled in their first battle flag of this pattern into the Vicksburg siege. It had a blue field bordered in red and a white Latin cross set off-center toward the hoist edge. The flag was used by all the brigades under Bowen's command.

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These flags first appeared in February of A later version was used by the troops of General Sterling Price's army in their Missouri raid. It had been designed by General Simon B. Buckner and first issued to his troops in January of , who were part of the Army of Central Kentucky based in Bowling Green. It first saw action at Ft.